History Terms with
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Define the term in your own words.
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Subcontinent


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A large area of land that is part, but not all, of a continent
India is a country that is considered part of a subcontinent of Asia and has been independent since 1947.
Monsoon
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Extremely powerful south Asian winds that create huge storms and floods, along with rain.
Most monsoons happen in July and can cause an enormous amount of damage from floods.







Plateau
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An area of flat and level land.
There are many plateaus in the western United States.
Glaciers
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A very large land made up of ice
The slow moving glaciers created the valleys of the North American continent.
Hinduism
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One of the major religions in India. They worship many gods.
Many believers in Hinduism now live all over the world and are polytheists.
Dharma
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The rules that govern the Universe.
Dharma is important because it keeps the Universe in order.
Brahman
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The unchanging reality of life.
Brahman is a difficult concept to understand and refers to the level of high bliss.
deity
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G-d or g-dlike activities
Different religions believe in different deities. Monotheists believe in G-d as one Deity.
karma
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An action that brings good or bad results.
Being nice to others is good karma and may lead to good things happening to you.
samsara
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The cycle of birth, death, and rebirth within several religions, including hinduism and Buddhism
In the belief of samsara, one can be reborn as a human or animal.
Vedas
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The four collections of ancient Hindu texts written in Sanskrit
All of ancient Hindu writings are found in the Vedas, which are studied by Hindu scholars.
Sanskrit
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The religious and ceremonial language of Hinduism and Buddhism.
Ancient Hindu texts are written in Sanskrit and read by Sanskrit experts.
Brahman
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The unchanging reality of life.
Brahman is defined in Sanskrit as the highest level of reality.
caste
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Hereditary social groups in India.
Indians traditionally segregate themselves into castes, with different rights and obligations in each caste.
reincarnation
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The cycle of birth and rebirth.
Those who believe in reincarnation believe that they will live additional lives based on their actions in this life.
pilgrimage
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Travel to a holy place for a religious purpose
Buddhists can make a pilgrimage and travel to places believed as holy because of the teachings of the Budda.
Buddhism
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The religion that follows the teachings of Budda in the search for enlightenment through truth.
Believers in Buddhism meditate daily in order to achieve full release from suffering
Buddha
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Someone in the Buddhist religion who has reached final enlightenment; the founder of Buddhism
The Buddhist seeks full enlightenment to reach the level of Buddha or pure enlightenment.
Prince Siddhartha
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The son of the Sakya ruler who grew up to become the Budda.
Prince Siddhartha grew up to become the Budda, also known as "the enlightened one" and established a major religion.
ascetic
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The practice of self discipline and denial
Some religious ascetics live very simple lives with little material wealth.
alms
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Charity given to the poor.
People give alms to the poor in order that they not suffer hunger.
Enlightenment
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An education that causes one to understand basic truths.
The Budda's enlightenment led to the establishment of the basic truths of his religion and led to full Buddahood.
Nirvana
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Buddism's state of perfect happiness.
Nirvana is the highest and greatest state of mind that can be achieved by the believers of Buddism.
Unification
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To combine into one unit.
The religion of Hinduism is one aspect that has helped create a unification of the Indian people
Mauryan Empire
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A very large area in ancient India ruled by the Mauryan Dynasty.
The Mauryan Empire was the largest empire ever seen in India.
edicts
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An official governmental order
The ruler issued an edict regarding his subjects.
monks
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A person in a religious order who keeps separate from much of the world
When I go to Italy, I want to visit a monastery where monks live