History Terms with
link or visual representation
Define the term in your own words.
Use the word in a sentence that shows understanding of the word's meaning.
Subcontinent
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A large part of a continent that is cut off or isolated from the rest of it.
India is a subcontinent of Asia.
Monsoon
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A large amount of rain that lasts for a long time.
In the movie "Holes", the lace is all dried up until a monsoon came and the lake will come back.
Plateau
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A raised piece of land with a flat top.
There is a plateau between the Ghat mountain ranges.
Glaciers
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A really, really big piece of ice.
In Antarctica, glaciers are melting.
Hinduism
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A complex religion that originated from the Aryans.
Hindus believe in samsara.
Dharma
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The laws and duties of a person.
Part of the dharma of a farmer is to harvest crops.
Brahman
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The supreme power.
All the other deities revolve around Brahman.
deity
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A Hindu god or form of Brahman.
Vishnu is a deity.
karma
see Microsoft Word document
The amount of good or bad you have done in your life.
If you have good karma, you can be born into a higher social class.
samsara
see Microsoft Word document
The cycle of being born, living, dying, and reincarnation.
If you have been reborn, you have completed the cycle of samsara.
Vedas
see Microsoft Word document
The body of Hindu sacred writings.
The Vedic religion is named after the Vedas.
Sanskrit
see Microsoft Word document
The language of the Aryans.
The Vedas were written in Sanskrit.
caste
see Microsoft Word document
Hindu social class.
The Kshatriya caste is one of the four major castes.
reincarnation
see Microsoft Word document
The process of being reborn.
At the end of the samsara cycle, people go through reincarnation.
pilgrimage
see Microsoft Word document
A long journey.
Muslims take pilgrimages to mecca.
Buddhism
see Microsoft Word document
A religion focused on peace and non-violence.
The Buddha founded Buddhism.
Buddha
see Microsoft Word document
The enlightened one; the founder of Buddhism.
Prince Siddhartha became the Buddha.
Prince Siddhartha
see Microsoft Word document
The man who became the Buddha.
Prince Siddhartha's father was King Suddhodana.
ascetic
see Microsoft Word document
Someone who gives up all worldly pleasures.
Siddhartha became an ascetic.
alms
see Microsoft Word document
Gifts to the poor.
Prince Siddhartha carried a vase for alms.
Enlightenment​
see Microsoft Word document
The state of gaining spiritual insight and finding the universal truth.
During meditation, the Prince found enlightenment.
Nirvana
see Microsoft Word document
The state of ideal happiness and peace.
If you end all suffering, you can reach nirvana.
Unification
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The bringing together of multiple things.
The Mauryans were the first leaders to complete the unification of india.
Mauryan Empire
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An empire lasting from about 322 to 187 B.C.E., during which the Mauryans unified India for the first time.
Ashoka was once a Mauryan ruler.
edicts
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Rules that are obeyed like laws.
Ashoka put some of his edicts on pillars in the middle of town.
monks
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Someone who lives in a temple under a vow of poverty and peace.
Most Buddhist monks have their heads shaved.
citations